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NC Department of Health and Human Services
Women's and Children's Health Home
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North Carolina Immunization Branch

Vaccine Preventable Diseases

Varicella (Chickenpox)

The Disease

Chickenpox is caused by infection with the varicella zoster virus, which causes fever and an itchy rash.  It is spread by coughing and sneezing (highly contagious), by direct contact, and by aerosolization of virus from skin lesions.

The Vaccine

The chickenpox vaccine can prevent this disease. Currently, two doses of vaccine are recommended for children, adolescents, and adults.

Who Should get Vaccinated?

All children and adults without evidence of immunity should receive the chickenpox vaccine.  Children should receive one dose of chickenpox vaccine at 12 to 15 months of age and a second dose at 4 to 6 years of age.

North Carolina Requirements

Children are required to receive one dose of chickenpox vaccine in North Carolina.

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