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North Carolina Immunization Branch

Vaccine Preventable Diseases

Rubella (German Measles)

The Disease

Rubella is a viral disease that causes fever and rash.  It is spread by contact with an infected person, through coughing and sneezing

The Vaccine

Rubella vaccine is administered through the combination MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) or by the MMRV (measles, mumps, rubella and varicella) vaccine.

Who Should get Vaccinated?

Children should be given the first dose of MMR vaccine soon after the first birthday (12 to 15 months of age). The second dose is recommended before the start of the kindergarten.

North Carolina Requirements

One dose on or after 12 months of age and before 16 months of age.

A physician's diagnosis is not acceptable for rubella disease(s). Individuals must be immunized or have laboratory confirmation of rubella disease or have been documented by serological testing to have a protective antibody titer against rubella. Any individual who has attained his or her fiftieth birthday is not required to receive rubella vaccine except in outbreak situations. Any individual who entered college or university after his or her thirtieth birthday and before February 1, 1989 is not required to receive rubella vaccine except in outbreak situations.

Additional Resources